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Зеленський затвердив Стратегічний оборонний бюлетень – ОП

Документ, як пояснюють у адміністрації, вперше презентує опис подальшого розвитку безпекового середовища до 2030 року

US Touts Public-Private Partnership to Assist Refugees 

Seeking to reinvigorate America’s historic role as a destination for refugees, the Biden administration this week announced a sponsorship initiative to boost and facilitate private sector involvement in supporting recently arrived refugees.

The effort is initially focused on helping newcomers from Afghanistan but is expected to serve as a model for assisting other refugee groups in the future as Washington ramps up refugee admissions after years of drastic cuts imposed by the former Trump administration.

The State Department announced a partnership with more than 250 nonprofit groups that have banded together to help Afghan families resettle in the U.S. under the umbrella Welcome.US.

The site serves as a hub for donations, volunteer efforts and stories of how ordinary Americans are making a difference in the lives of uprooted Afghan families. Former Presidents Barack Obama, George W. Bush and Bill Clinton, as well as a host of celebrities, have lent support to the initiative.

“The generosity displayed by the American people in welcoming newly arrived Afghans … has been nothing short of remarkable and is a clear demonstration of our values as a nation of immigrants that welcomes refugees and vulnerable populations from across the world,” Secretary of State Antony Blinken said in a statement.

For decades, the federal government has worked with U.S. refugee resettlement agencies to help new arrivals enroll in language training and employment services, register children in schools, apply for Social Security cards and perform other basic tasks.

The new partnership, which comes amid fierce criticism of the administration’s handling of evacuations from Afghanistan during and after the pullout of U.S. forces, aims to greatly augment the system and “catalyze support from Americans from all walks of life to support newly arriving Afghans,” according to the State Department.

According to a recent poll, 90 percent of Democrats said Americans should welcome Afghans, and 76 percent of Republicans support admitting refugees who aided the U.S. military.

More can be done

Many immigrant advocates and analysts welcomed the initiative, but some said even more could be done.

David Bier, immigration policy analyst at the Cato Institute, said in an email to VOA that although it was “great” the Biden administration was acknowledging the private sector’s willingness to accept refugees, he urged the government to allow private individuals and organizations to sponsor refugees outside the existing publicly funded refugee caps.

“Americans’ ability to accept refugees should not be dependent on the U.S. government’s willingness to fund it and raise caps as it is now,” Bier said.

The number of refugees accepted into the U.S. each year is set by the president in consultation with Congress. As a presidential candidate, Joe Biden promised to admit up to 125,000 refugees annually, up from the cap of 15,000 set in the final year of former President Donald Trump’s administration. Once in office, Biden initially retained Trump’s lower cap but then raised it to 62,500 amid an outcry from within his own Democratic Party.

So far in fiscal 2021, which ends September 30, the U.S. has admitted fewer than 7,000 refugees, not including Afghans.

Scrambling to help new arrivals

Although private citizens are not involved in the immigration cases of resettling refugees, U.S. officials hope the private sector’s collection and sharing of resources to assist new arrivals will alleviate burdens on resettlement organizations that often scramble to arrange housing and other basic necessities for refugees.

“In the last few weeks, we served more than 100 people,” said Krish O’Mara Vignarajah, chief executive of Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service, a resettlement agency, speaking with reporters. “Some are coming with little more than a backpack. We know the importance of an orderly system that processes and prepares these new Afghan arrivals, helping them make informed decisions on where they ultimately want to resettle.”

Afghans who were evacuated to the U.S. without immigrant visas are being legally designated as “parolees” and not technically as refugees. That distinction, under current U.S. law, means they have a complex immigration road ahead of them.

Though they are temporarily protected from deportation and are permitted to apply for work authorization, being paroled into the country does not confer immigration status, grant access to public benefits or constitute a path to U.S. citizenship.

Immigrant advocates have urged Congress to pass legislation that would protect those under parole designation and allow them to apply for permanent residence.

Others have arrived under the Special Immigrant Visa program, which automatically places them on a path to permanent residency followed by U.S. citizenship, a process that can take more than five years.

As of September 14, 64,000 evacuees from Afghanistan had arrived in the United States, joining roughly 132,000 Afghan immigrants in the country, most of whom arrived in the last decade.

Immigrant advocates say new arrivals from Afghanistan will greatly benefit from the support system provided by Welcome.US as, initially, they will have lower incomes than America’s overall foreign and native-born populations. 

Тупицький та Касмінін оскаржують відбір кандидатів до Конституційного суду – ОАСК

Позивачі вимагають скасувати рішення конкурсної комісії щодо оголошення про початок конкурсу для відбору кандидатур за квотою президента

Blinken Vows to Urge Arab Countries to Normalize Ties With Israel

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken said Friday he would urge Arab countries to normalize ties with Israel.

 

Blinken spoke at a virtual gathering with officials from Israel, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Morocco. The meeting was held on the first anniversary of U.S.-brokered diplomatic agreements reached last year known as the Abraham Accords.

 

Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid said during the meeting he would visit Bahrain later this month, the first such visit by an Israeli minister to the country since the pacts were reached. He said the accords were open to new members as well.

 

U.S. President Joe Biden has supported the agreements brokered by former U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration.  

 

The Palestinians have perceived the deals as a betrayal because they further weakened a longstanding Arab position that recognition of Israel should be linked to progress toward the creation of a Palestinian state.

 

Senior Biden administration officials have said they want more Arab countries to normalize ties with Israel, but until Friday’s meeting, the administration had been reluctant to observe the anniversary of the agreements.

 

Blinken touted the deals and their economic benefits and said, “This administration will continue to build on the successful efforts of the last administration to keep normalization marching forward.”

 

The secretary of state said he would also help Israel develop better relations with Sudan, which reached a breakthrough with Israel last year, and Egypt and Jordan, countries with longstanding peace deals with Israel.

 

Some information in this report came from the Associated Press and Reuters.

 

Зеленський почне візит до США для участі в Генасамблеї ООН у понеділок – речник

Президент України також планує зустрітися з представниками міжнародних організацій, зокрема, генеральним секретарем ООН

РНБО запровадила перші санкції за причетність до російських «виборів» на окупованих територіях

Крім того, під санкції потрапили «сім співробітників ФСБ Росії, які мали безпосередній стосунок до отруєння Олексія Навального», заявив Данілов

Данілов попередив про санкції через незаконні російські вибори в Криму та на Донбасі

Секретар РНБО також оголосив про санкції проти «усіх іноземних громадян, які мають бажання брати участь у цьому фарсі на території Донецької і Луганської областей і на території Криму»

Чемпіонка світу з шахів позивається до Netflix через неправду в серіалі «Хід королеви»

Нона Гапріндашвілі вимагає від Netflix п’ять мільйонів доларів компенсації і вилучення епізодів, в яких подана неправдива інформація про її досягнення

WHO: Political Polarization, Legal Hurdles Hamper Closure of Guantanamo Bay

The U.S. has ended its longest running foreign war, with the full withdrawal of troops in Afghanistan on August 31. But several challenges remain, including what to do with terror suspects still detained at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. VOA’s Yuni Salim explores in this report narrated by Nova Poerwadi. 

Camera: Yuni Salim   Produced by: Yuni Salim

 

Поліція заявила про готовність забезпечити порядок на Марші рівності у Києві

Традиційна правозахисна хода за права людини для ЛГБТ+ спільноти Марш рівності проходитиме у Києві в неділю під гаслом «Пліч-о-пліч на захист рівноправ’я»

«Схеми» виявили ймовірні зловживання на державному «Харківобленерго»

Журналісти «Схем» проаналізували діяльність «Харківобленерго» та виявили низку прикладів, які показують, як там можуть заробляти у нечесний спосіб

Fighting Fire with Fire in US to Protect Sequoia Trees

With flames advancing toward the signature grove of ancient massive trees in Sequoia National Park, firefighters on Thursday fought fire with fire.

Using firing operations to burn out flammable vegetation and other matter before the wildfire arrives in the Giant Forest is one of several ways firefighters can use their nemesis as a tool to stop, slow or redirect fires.

The tactic comes with considerable risks if conditions change. But it is routinely used to protect communities, homes or valuable resources now under threat from fires, including the grove of about 2,000 massive sequoias, including the General Sherman Tree, the world’s largest by volume.

Here’s how it works:

It’s all about the fuel

Three things influence how hot and fast a fire burns: the landscape, with fire burning faster up steep slopes; weather, with winds and dry conditions fanning flames; and fuel, the amount of material that can burn.

The first two can’t be controlled, but there are ways to reduce fuels long before any fire breaks out — or even as one is approaching.

“Of all the things that affect fire behavior, the fuels is really where we can take action,” said Maureen Kennedy, a professor of wildfire ecology at the University of Washington.

Historically, low- to moderate-severity fires every five to 30 years burned out excess brush and timber before deadly fires in the early 20th century led to aggressive firefighting and a U.S. Forest Service policy to suppress all fires by 10 a.m. the day after they were reported.

That led to dense forests of dead trees, fallen logs and overgrown brush that accumulated over the past century, fueling more massive fires.

Slowing fire by creating fire

For centuries, Native Americans have used fire to thin out forests.

Prescribed burns set under favorable weather conditions can help mimic the lower-intensity fires of the past and burn off excess fuels when they are not at risk of getting out of control. If fire eventually burns the area, it will likely do so at lower intensity and with less damage.

 

The idea is the same during a wildfire. Fire chiefs try to take advantage of shifting winds or changing landscapes to burn out an area before the fire gets there, depriving it of the fuel it needs to keep going.

“They’re trying to achieve the same effect,” Kennedy said. “They’re trying to moderate the fire behavior. They’re trying to remove the fuels that make the fire burn so intensely.

Of course, their goal there is to better contain and control the fire and protect the more valuable resources.”

Safely setting mild fires

All wildland firefighters learn about burnout operations in basic training, but it takes a higher level of training to plan and carry out firing operations.

“You need to know how to fight fire before you light fire,” said Paul Broyles, a former chief of fire operations for the National Park Service.

Burning an area between the fire front and a projected point — such as a firebreak or the Giant Forest in Sequoia — requires the right conditions and enough time to complete the burnout before the fire can reach a fire line constructed by firefighters.

 

Often such operations are conducted at night when fires tend to die down or slow their advance as temperatures cool and humidity rises.

The convection of a fire pulls in winds from all direction, which can help. As fires climb steep terrain, burnouts are sometimes set on the other side of a ridge so any embers will land in an area where dry grasses and brush have already burned.

The firing operations require a crew making sure the fire does not spread in the wrong direction. It may also include bulldozers cutting fire lines or air tankers dropping retardant to further slow the flames.

All of it has to work in sync, Broyles said.

“Air tankers by themselves do not put fires out unless you follow up with personnel,” he said. “It’s like the military. You don’t just bomb the hell out of your enemy without ground troops.”

While burnouts are commonly used, they can backfire if winds shift or they aren’t lit early enough.

“When you put more fire on the ground, there is a risk,” said Rebecca Paterson, a spokesperson for Sequoia National Park. “It carries the potential to create more problems than it solves.”

Broyles said there were times he didn’t get a burnout started in time and firefighters had to be evacuated.

“Fortunately, in my case, we didn’t have any losses,” he said.

Small flames to protect giant sequoias

Firefighters on Thursday were conducting burnout operations in the Giant Forest at almost a micro level, moving from tree to tree, Paterson said. Ground cover and organic debris known as duff close to the trees was being set on fire, allowing the flames to creep away from the tree to create a buffer.

The General Sherman and other massive conifers were wrapped in aluminum blankets to protect them from the extreme heat.

The park was the first in the West to use prescribed fire more than 50 years ago and regularly burns some of its groves to remove fuels. Paterson said that was a reason for optimism.

“Hopefully, the Giant Forest will emerge from this unscathed,” she said. 

 

Republican Who Voted to Impeach Trump Exits 2022 Race

Congressman Anthony Gonzalez, one of 10 US House Republicans who voted to impeach Donald Trump in January, said Thursday he would not seek reelection, citing the “toxic” atmosphere in a party that remains enthralled by the former president.

The two-term back-bencher from Ohio stressed that family considerations played a substantial role in his decision, but he acknowledged the difficult political scenario, one in which he would have had to face a Trump-endorsed primary challenger next year.

“While my desire to build a fuller family life is at the heart of my decision, it is also true that the current state of our politics, especially many of the toxic dynamics inside our own party, is a significant factor in my decision,” he said in a statement.

Gonzalez was more blunt in an interview in Thursday’s New York Times, assailing Trump as “a cancer for the country” for inspiring his supporters to launch the Jan. 6 U.S. Capitol riot.

“I don’t believe he can ever be president again,” he told the daily.

Gonzalez, a 36-year-old conservative, is the first among the House Republicans who voted to impeach Trump to retire rather than endure what is undoubtedly a brutal season of primaries ahead.

Trump, who remains hugely influential in the party, has made clear he will work tirelessly to help defeat those Republicans who sought to oust him.

They include Liz Cheney, who lost her House Republican leadership position when she refused to tone down her criticism of the former president.

Trump has already announced his support for a former Trump aide, Max Miller, running for Gonzalez’s seat.

Several House Democrats tweeted out their appreciation of Gonzalez after his announcement.

He and the other Republicans who voted to impeach Trump “are paying a price for doing the right thing,” congressman Brendan Boyle said. “But they will be vindicated by history.” 

У Конгресі США пропонують збільшити безпекову допомогу Україні до 300 млн доларів – Маркарова

На своїй сторінці у фейсбуці посол поширила проєкт оборонного бюджету США на 2022 рік, де пропонується збільшити допомогу Україні на 50 мільйонів доларів

У Києві через футбол 18 вересня можливі обмеження в роботі трьох станцій метро

У Києві ввечері 18 вересня можливе обмеження роботи трьох станцій метро «Олімпійська», «Палац спорту» і «Площа Льва Толстого» через футбольний матч, повідомила пресслужба підземки.

«Можливе обмеження (закриття) станції «Олімпійська» на вхід. А після завершення можливе обмеження (закриття) на вхід станцій «Палац спорту», «Олімпійська» та «Площа Льва Толстого».

Механізм застосовується з міркувань безпеки для уникнення масового скупчення пасажирів на платформах станцій», – йдеться в повідомленні.

Завтра на НСК «Олімпійський» відбудеться футбольний матч між командами «Динамо» (Київ) та «Олександрія» (Олександрія). Початок гри о 19:30.

День рятівника: Зеленський призначив понад 20 нагород за мужність, бездоганну службу і врятовані життя

День рятувальника (рятівника) відзначають в Україні щорічно 17 вересня

СБУ затримала чоловіка, який понад рік переховувався від слідства у справі про заклики до поділу України

Служба безпеки повідомила про затриманя у Борисполі учасника групи інтернет-агітаторів, які поширювали російську пропаганду в Україні.

«Злочинну діяльність чоловіка викрили влітку 2020 року, але після оголошення підозри він втік і переховувався від слідства. Увесь цей час зловмисник продовжував підривну інформаційну діяльність на YouTube та через новостворені телеграм-канали. Зловмисник агітував за порушення державних кордонів та створення на території окремих областей України псевдодержавних утворень. Він брав участь у маніпулятивних сюжетах на російських пропагандистських телеканалах, що знімали на замовлення окремих політсил та громадських організацій РФ відверто антиукраїнського спрямування», – йдеться в повідомленні.

За даними СБУ, крім цього чоловіка, до групи інтернет-агентів, входили і інші особи: наразі всім трьом учасникам – організатору (мешканцю Луганська), адміністратору ютуб-каналу та редактору проросійського інтернет-ресурсу повідомлено про підозру.

Затриманому загрожує покарання у вигляді позбавлення волі на строк від п’яти до десяти років з конфіскацією майна або без такої.

МінТОТ: 72 українці, незаконно позбавлені волі Росією, отримають по 100 тисяч гривень

«Йдеться про українців, які опинилися у полоні в різні роки з початку збройної агресії РФ проти України, і були звільнені або досі незаконно утримуються країною-окупантом»

Lawyer Charged in Probe of Trump-Russia Investigation 

The prosecutor tasked with examining the U.S. government’s investigation into Russian election interference charged a prominent cybersecurity lawyer on Thursday with making a false statement to the FBI. 

The case against the attorney, Michael Sussmann, is just the second prosecution brought by special counsel John Durham in 2½ years of work. Yet neither case brought by Durham undoes the core finding of an earlier investigation by Robert Mueller that Russia had interfered in sweeping fashion on behalf of Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign and that the Trump campaign welcomed that aid.

It lays bare the wide-ranging and evolving nature of Durham’s investigation. In addition to having scrutinized the activities of FBI and CIA officials during the early days of the Russia probe, it has also looked at the behavior of private individuals like Sussman who provided the U.S. government with information as it scrambled to determine whether Trump associates were coordinating with Russia to tip the election’s outcome. 

Suspect worked with Clinton campaign

The indictment accuses Sussmann of hiding that he was working with Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign during a September 2016 conversation he had with the FBI’s general counsel, when he relayed concerns from cybersecurity researchers about potentially suspicious contacts between Russia-based Alfa Bank and a Trump organization server. The FBI looked into the matter but found no connections. 

Sussmann is a former federal prosecutor who specializes in cybersecurity.

Sussmann’s lawyers, Sean Berkowitz and Michael Bosworth, said their client is a highly respected national security lawyer who had previously worked in the Justice Department under both Republican and Democratic administrations. They said they were confident he would prevail at trial and “vindicate his good name.” 

“Mr. Sussmann has committed no crime,” they said in a statement. “Any prosecution here would be baseless, unprecedented, and an unwarranted deviation from the apolitical and principled way in which the Department of Justice is supposed to do its work.” 

The Alfa Bank matter was not a pivotal element of the Russia probe and was not even mentioned in Mueller’s 448-page report in 2019. Still, the indictment may give fodder to Russia investigation critics who regard it as politically tainted and engineered by Democrats. 

Sussmann’s former firm, Perkins Coie, has deep Democratic connections. A then-partner at the firm, Marc Elias, brokered a deal with the Fusion GPS research firm to study Trump’s business ties to Russia. That work, by former British spy Christopher Steele, produced a dossier of research that helped form the basis of flawed surveillance applications targeting a former Trump campaign official, Carter Page. 

Firm accepts resignation

A spokesman for Perkins Coie said Sussmann, “who has been on leave from the firm, offered his resignation from the firm in order to focus on his legal defense, and the firm accepted it.” 

The Durham investigation has already spanned months longer than the earlier special counsel probe into Russian election interference conducted by Mueller, the former FBI director, and his team. The investigation was slowed by the coronavirus pandemic and experienced leadership tumult following the abrupt departure last fall of a top deputy on Durham’s team. 

Though Trump had eagerly anticipated Durham’s findings in hopes that they’d be a boon to his reelection campaign, any political impact the conclusion may have once had has been dimmed by the fact that Trump is no longer in office. 

The Durham appointment by then-Attorney General William Barr in 2019 was designed to examine potential errors or misconduct in the U.S. government’s investigation into whether Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign was conspiring with Russia to sway the outcome of the election. 

A two-year investigation by Mueller established that the Trump campaign was eager to receive and benefit from Kremlin aid and documented multiple interactions between Russians and Trump associates. Investigators said they did not find enough evidence to charge any campaign official with having conspired with Russia, though a half-dozen Trump aides were charged with various offenses, including false statements. 

Until now, Durham had brought only one criminal case — a false statement charge against an FBI lawyer who altered an email related to the surveillance of Page to obscure the nature of Page’s preexisting relationship with the CIA. That lawyer, Kevin Clinesmith, pleaded guilty and was sentenced to probation. 

17 вересня – що очікувати в цей день і що було в історії

1978 року у Білому домі у Вашингтоні тодішні єгипетський президент Анвар Садат та ізраїльський прем’єр-міністр Менахем Бегін підписали Кемп-девідську угоду

Blinken Defends Deal to Share Nuclear Submarines with Australia

The United States, Britain and Australia are hailing the announcement of a new security pact that will see Australia getting U.S. nuclear-powered submarine technology in a bid to counter China in the Indo-Pacific. China has condemned the deal, and France is outraged, after Australia abandoned its submarine deal with Paris. VOA’s Senior Diplomatic Correspondent Cindy Saine reports.

Producer: Bakhtiyar Zamanov

Judge Blocks Expulsions of Migrant Families Under Trump-Era Order

A U.S. district judge on Thursday blocked the expulsion of migrant families caught crossing the U.S.-Mexico border, exempting them from an order put in place by former President Donald Trump’s administration early in the COVID-19 pandemic. 

 

Judge Emmett Sullivan said the block of the order would go into effect in 14 days. 

 

U.S. President Joe Biden has faced growing pressure from some immigration advocates, health experts and fellow Democrats to end the so-called Title 42 order that has essentially cut off access to asylum for hundreds of thousands of migrants. 

 

Title 42, which has been in effect since March 2020, will still apply to single adults, who represent most of the migrants arrested trying to enter the United States. 

 

Biden in February exempted unaccompanied children from the expulsion policy, and his administration has been applying it to fewer families apprehended at the border. 

Український спортсмен здійснив 70-кілометровий заплив, присвячений деокупації Криму

Олег Софяник здолав протоку Отранто між Італією та Албанією в Адріатичному морі

Many NYC Employees Disappointed with Return to Work Order

Nearly all of New York City’s 300,000 employees were required to be back at their workplaces this week as the city ended remote work. But not everyone is pleased with the way the return was rolled out. More with VOA’s Mariama Diallo.